Socio-political training with CEFOD

A project for the socio-political training of young leaders has been launched at the headquarters of the Centre d’Étude et de Formation pour le Développement – CEFOD in N’Djamena. The aim is to promote the active social and political commitment of young people, to combat corruption and promote the choices of the Common Good.

Information

In a country with low youth participation in political life, it is important to invest in youth education so that young people can take control of their own future and, consequently, of the future of their country. The Centre d’Étude et de Formation pour le Développement (CEFOD), supported by Magis, works to strengthen young people’s active citizenship, political commitment and leadership as a contribution to changing the political situation in Chad. It aims to create young citizens responsible and able to influence public policies, both at local and national level.

The first objective of the project is therefore to contribute to improving socio-political training in Chad, to stimulate the interest and participation of young people in politics, and to offer the population the tools to engage in political activity.

120 young people are directly trained on political commitment and leadership; information on active citizenship and political commitment of the population is disseminated; the integration of young people in the decision-making bodies of political parties is promoted (through training and support).

For this purpose, the following are provided:

  • 4 training workshops on the commitment and participation of young people in politics (1 in N’Djamena and 3 in Kélo, Pala, Moundou) lasting 3 days each, aiming to train 120 young beneficiaries – identified and selected among the most active members of youth associations in the areas of the project – on the themes of active participation in politics;
  • 6 conferences on the participation of citizens and the political commitment of youth, open to a wide audience (young people, politicians, population …) for a wide-ranging constructive and educational interaction.

Context

Chad ranks 186th (out of 188 countries) on the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) 2015. It has experienced periods of long strikes because of austerity measures adopted by the government: schools, universities, hospitals and health centres have been paralysed for long periods of time with serious hardship for the population. The issue of mismanagement of the res publica remains the trigger. National and international partners, including financial institutions, call on the political authorities of Chad to practice good governance.

Chad is a young population: 51% of the population is under 15 years of age (2009 General Census), while the age group of 15-35 years is 32%. And yet Chadian political class is marked by leaders between fifty and sixty years old. There is a disaffection with politics in the young Chadians due to the lack of a democratic political culture, to the strong corruption that leads to the loss of references and to a socio-political and economic context in which many young people are at the mercy of armed groups, violent extremism, brigandage. In the more than 160 political parties in the country, the presence of young people is scarce.

Chad is considered by the international community as a “strategic partner against terrorism”. Former US Secretary of State Rex W. Tillerson, visiting N’Djamena, testified to his country’s gratitude to Chad for its commitment to the fight against terrorism.

The new Constitution, which enshrines the birth of the Fourth Republic, was promulgated on May 4, 2018. The main innovations introduced by this new Constitution include: a pure Presidential Republic with the abolition of the Prime Minister; the Court of Auditors, the Supreme Court of Justice and the Constitutional Council become Chambers of the Supreme Court, the highest national jurisdiction; the establishment of a Court in charge of the repression of economic and financial crimes (CRIEF).

The government has also introduced a reinforced safety net throughout the country. There are many prohibitions for public demonstrations, with the arrest of activists or the suspension of political parties that call on the population to demonstrate, limits to the freedom of the press. Faced with these restrictions, the social actors seem galvanized and more dynamic, there is a tendency of the population to claim their rights. Insecurity persists throughout the country, despite the government’s efforts to ensure the tranquillity of citizens and property.

Despite the government’s efforts to clean up public finances, the country does not show great capacity in the management of public resources. Chad ranks 165th (out of 176 countries) in Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index 2017. In addition, unemployment is rising.

In this context, CEFOD supports the various actors in providing information and training for constructive dialogue and for the consolidation of the rule of law; it collaborates with national actors to promote the inclusive management of public policies, so that they have a positive impact on the population.

Beneficiaries

Young Chadians from the dioceses of N’Djamena, Pala, Moundou and Laï.